The national leader of the Azerbaijani people Heydar Alirza oglu Aliyev was born on May 10, 1923 in the Azerbaijani city of Nakhchivan. After graduating from Nakhchivan Pedagogical School, from 1939 to 1941 Aliyev attended the Azerbaijan Industrial Institute (now the Azerbaijan State Oil Academy), where he studied architecture. The outbreak of war did not allow him to complete his education.
Since 1941 Heydar Aliyev worked as the head of the department in the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs of the Nakhchivan ASSR and the Council of People's Commissars of the Nakhchivan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, and in 1944 was sent to work in the state security bodies. Heydar Aliyev, who worked in the security system from this period, since 1964, served as deputy chairman, and since 1967 - chairman of the State Security Committee under the Council of Ministers of the Azerbaijan SSR, he was awarded the rank of major general. During these years he received a special higher education in Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), and in 1957 graduated from the Azerbaijan State University .
In 1969, Aliyev was appointed to the post of First Secretary of the Central Committee of Azerbaijan Communist Party and became the head of the republic. In December 1982, Heydar Aliyev was elected a member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, appointed to the post of first deputy chairman of the USSR Council of Ministers and became one of the leaders of the USSR. For twenty years Heydar Aliyev was a deputy to the Supreme Soviet of the USSR and for five years served as deputy chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.
In October 1987, Heydar Aliyev resigned from his posts in protest against the policy pursued by the Political Bureau of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and personally by General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev. In connection with the bloody tragedy committed on January 20, 1990 in Baku by the Soviet troops, Heydar Aliyev, speaking next day at the Azerbaijani representation in Moscow, demanded to punish the organizers and executors of the crime committed against the Azerbaijani people.
In connection with the tragedy committed on January 20, 1990 in Baku by the Soviet troops, Heydar Aliyev, speaking next day at the Azerbaijani representation in Moscow, demanded to punish the organizers and executors of the crime committed against the Azerbaijani people. In July 1991, he left the ranks of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in protest against the duplicitous policy of the leadership of the USSR in connection with the acute conflict situation in Nagorno-Karabakh.
Returning in July 1990 to Azerbaijan, Heydar Aliyev lived first in Baku, and then in Nakhchivan, the same year he was elected as a Deputy of the Supreme Council of Azerbaijan. In 1991-1993, he served as chairman of the Supreme Mejlis of the Nakhchivan AR, deputy chairman of the Supreme Council of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
In May-June 1993, when, as a result of a crisis in the government, the country was on the verge of a civil war and faced the peril of losing independence, the people of Azerbaijan demanded to bring Heydar Aliyev to power, and the then leaders of Azerbaijan were obliged to officially invite Heydar Aliyev to Baku. Earlier, on 15 June 1993, Aliyev had been elected Chairman of the National Assembly of Azerbaijan and on July 24 - by decision of the Milli Mejlis began to exercise the powers of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
In October 1993, Aliyev was elected President of Azerbaijan. On October 11, 1998 he was again elected President of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Heydar Aliyev, who agreed to nominate himself for the presidential election held on October 15, 2003, refused to participate in the elections due to health problems.
Heydar Aliyev died on December 12 in the Cleveland hospital and was buried on December 15 at the Alley of Honor in Baku.